Panchayats have been the backbone of the Indian villages since the beginning of the recorded history. Gandhiji s dream of every village being a republic or Panchayats having powers has been translated into reality with the introduction of three-tier Panchayati Raj system to enlist people’s participation in rural reconstruction.
24th April, 1993 was a landmark day in the history of Panchayati Raj in India as on this day the Constitution (73rd Amendment) Act, 1992 came into force to provide constitutional status to the Panchayati Raj institutions.
The salient features of the Act are as follows:
i. To provide three-tier system of Panchayati Raj for all states having population of over 20 lakh.
ii. To hold Panchayat elections regularly for every 5 years.
iii. To provide reservation of seats for Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and women (not less than 33 percent).
iv. To appoint State Finance Commissions to make recommendations regarding financial powers of the Panchayats.
v. To constitute District Planning Committees to prepare draft development plan for the district as a whole.
According to the Constitution, Panchayats shall be given powers and authority to function as institutions of self-government.
The powers and responsibilities to be delegated to Panchayats at the appropriate level are:
1. Preparation of plan for economic development and social justice.
2. Implementation of schemes for economic development and social justice in relation to 29 subjects given in the Eleventh Schedule of the Constitution.
3. Levying and collecting the appropriate taxes, duties, tolls and fees.
The 73rd Amendment Act gives constitutional status to the Gram Sabha. The provisions of Panchayats (Extension to the Scheduled Areas) Act, 1996 extends Panchayats to the tribal areas of eight states, namely Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Gujarat, Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa and Rajasthan. This has come into force on 24th December, 1990. Except Rajasthan and Bihar, all states have passed laws to give effect to the provisions contained in the Act 40 of 1996.
Under the Act, Gram Sabha has been vested with powers for:
i. Ownership of minor forest produce, approval of development plans, selection of beneficiaries under various programmes.
ii. Consultation on land acquisition, manage minor water bodies, control mineral leases, regulate/prohibit sale of intoxicants, preventing alienation of land and restoring unlawfully alienated land of STs, managing village markets, controlling money lending to STs, and controlling institutions and functionaries in all social sectors.
The ministry extends limited financial assistance to the states to train and create awareness among the elected members of Panchayats and functionaries. The Ministry has been providing financial assistance through the Council for Advancement of Peoples Action and Rural Technology (CAPART) to the non-governmental organizations for conducting training and awareness generation programmes on Panchayati Raj. The Ministry also commissions research and evaluation study related to Panchayati Raj from voluntary organizations institutions.
पंचायती राज व्यवस्था में ग्राम,तालुका और जिला आते हैं| भारत में प्राचीन काल से ही पंचायती राज व्यवस्था आस्तित्वा में रही है | आधुनिक भारत में पहली बार तत्कालीन प्रधानमंत्री पंडित जवाहर लाल नेहरु द्वारा राजस्थान के नागौर जिले के बगदरी गाँव में 2 October 1959 को पंचायती राज व्यवस्था लागू की गयी | इस समय राजस्थान के मुख्यमंत्री ‘मोहनलाल सुखाडिया’व मुख्या सचिव ‘भगत सिंह मेहता’ थे | भगत सिंह मेहता को राजस्थान में व बलवंतराय मेहता को भारत में पंचायती राज का जनक मन जाता है |
Panchayati Raj System In India (भारत में पंचायती राज)
पंचायती राज व्यवस्था इसके बारे में सम्पूर्ण जानकारी हम आप सभी को PDF के माध्यम से आप के साथ share कर रहे हैं| Competitive exams के लिए बहुत ही helpful जानकारी है| इस PDF Notes को download करने का link नीचे दिया गया है आप इसे आसानी से download कर सकते हैं |
About Panchayati Raj System In India PDF Notes
- Topic : Panchayati Raj
- Language : Hindi
- Format :PDF
- Size : 3.17 (2 PDF)
You May Also Like This
Friends, if you need an eBook related to any topic. Or if you want any information about any exam, please comment on it. Share this post with your friends in social media. To get daily information about our post please like my facebook page. You can also joine our facebook group.
Disclaimer : Sarkari Book does not own this book, neither created nor scanned. We just providing the link already available on internet. If any way it violates the law or has any issues then kindly mail us:firstname.lastname@example.org