C20th History Review Essay

1 See Connor, 33–9 and LaBelle, 75–82 on breath.

2 See LaBelle, 64–5 on glossolalia and 92–4 on sleep talk.

3 See Connor, 128–9 and LaBelle, 43 on cursing.

4 See LaBelle, 31–3 and Connor, 7–10 and 32–4, on the cough. See also Connor, 85–6 on mucus, and LaBelle, 44 on Yoko Ono's ‘Cough Piece’.

5 See Connor, 195–6 and LaBelle, 145 on the dynamics and value of vocal dialogue.

6 See LaBelle, 91–2 on auditory hallucinations and Connor, 17 on the ‘phantasm of the “living voice”’.

7 See Connor, 83 on the murmur, and 82 on inanimate objects ‘talking’; see LaBelle, 48 on voices ‘animat[ing] the inanimate’.

8 See LaBelle, 161–4 and Connor, 125–6 on accent.

9 Connor, 17.

10 LaBelle, 1.

11 Connor, 17.

12 LaBelle, 3.

13 Connor, 17.

14 LaBelle, 101.

15 See Connor, 70, 128, and 136, and LaBelle, 42, on belching.

16 See LaBelle, 84 on facial expressions.

17 See LaBelle ,76–7 and 140–5, and Connor, 72–3 and 200, on silenced voices.

18 See Connor, 40 and Labelle, 76 on holding the breath.

19 LaBelle, 3.

20 Connor, 196.

21 LaBelle, 1.

22 Connor, 196.

23 See Labelle, 84–5 and Connor, 54–7 on the sigh.

24 See Connor, 162–93 on the letter ‘z’.

25 See Connor, 122 and 162, on the snore.

26 See LaBelle, 40–1 on drool.

27 See Connor, 123–4 on the relationship between the gaping mouth and chaos, and LaBelle, 76–7 on the gaping mouth and existential horror in Invasion of the Body Snatchers.

28 The recent establishment of new voice-centred journals (e.g., The Journal of Interdisciplinary Voice Studies), the release of new edited volumes (e.g., Voice Studies: Critical Approaches to Process, Performance and Experience, ed. Konstantinos Thomaidis and Ben Macpherson (London and New York: Routledge, 2015)), and the upcoming publication of the Oxford Handbook of Voice Studies (ed. Nina Sun Eidsheim and Katherine Meizel, in press) confirm the increasing salience of ‘voice studies’ as an interdisciplinary rubric.

29 For a helpful overview of neuroscientific work on voice production, perception, and processing, see Sidtis, Diana and Kreiman, Jody, ‘The Brain Behind the Voice: Cerebral Models of Voice Production and Perception’, in Foundations of Voice Studies: An Interdisciplinary Approach to Voice Production and Perception (Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2011), 189–236.

30 Rupal Patel's ‘VocalID’ project is at the forefront of these efforts. See Mills, Timothy, Bunnell, H. Timothy, and Patel, Rupal, ‘Towards Personalized Speech Synthesis for Augmentative and Alternative Communication’, Augmentative and Alternative Communication30/3 (2014), 226–36; or simply watch her TED Talk on the subject: www.ted.com/talks/rupal_patel_synthetic_voices_as_unique_as_fingerprints?language=en.

31 A good introduction to dynamic MRI work on the vocal apparatus can be found on a site created by Professor John Coleman in the Oxford University Phonetics Laboratory: www.phon.ox.ac.uk/jcoleman/Dynamic_MRI.html.

32 See, for example, Wrona, E. A.et al., ‘Derivation and Characterization of Porcine Vocal Fold Extracellular Matrix Scaffold’, The Laryngoscope00 (2015), 1–8.

33Chion, Michel, The Voice in Cinema, ed. trans. Gorbman, Claudia (New York: Columbia University Press, 1999), 1.

34Dolar, Mladen, A Voice and Nothing More (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2006), 20.

35Feld, Steven, Fox, Aaron A., Porcello, Thomas and Samuels, David, ‘Vocal Anthropology: From the Music of Language to the Language of Song’, in A Companion to Linguistic Anthropology, ed. Duranti, Alessandro (Malden, MA: Blackwell, 2004), 321–45.

36Weidman, Amanda, ‘Gender and the Politics of Voice: Colonial Modernity and Classical Music in South India’, Cultural Anthropology18/2 (2003), 196.

37Weidman, Amanda, Singing the Classical, Voicing the Modern: The Postcolonial Politics of Music in South India (Durham: Duke University Press, 2006).

38 NB: Connor does not cite LaBelle in Lexicon.

39 Cf. Daughtry, J. Martin, ‘Afterword: From Voice to Violence and Back Again’, in Music, Politics, and Violence, ed. Pegley, Kip and Fast, Susan (Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 2012), 243–64.

40 LaBelle, 17.

41 See the full citation on the back flap of the book.

42 New York: Bloomsbury, 2006.

43 LaBelle, chapter 12. (From here to the end all punctuation is mine.)

44 Connor, chapter 3.

45 LaBelle, chapter 8.

46 Connor, chapter 6.

47 LaBelle, chapter 5.

48 Connor, chapter 5.

49 LaBelle, chapter 7.

50 Connor, chapter 7.

51 LaBelle, chapter 10.

52 Connor, chapter 9.

Probing the paradoxes of "the long twentieth century"—from unprecedented human opportunity and deprivation to the rise of the United States as a hegemon

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Essays on Twentieth-Century History

edited by Michael Adas

cloth 1-4399-0269-0 $85.50, May 10,
paper 1-4399-0270-4 $40.95, May 10,
Electronic Book 1-4399-0271-2 $40.95
350 pp 6x9 4 tables 2 figures

In the sub-field of world history, there has been a surprising paucity of thinking and writing about how to approach and conceptualize the long twentieth century from the 1870s through the early 2000s. The historiographic essays collected in Essays on Twentieth-Century History will go a long way to filling that lacuna.

Each contribution covers a key theme and one or more critical sub-fields in twentieth century global history. Chapters address migration patterns, the impact of world wars, transformations in gender and urbanization, as well as environmental transitions. All are written by leading historians in each of the sub-fields represented, and each is intended to provide an introduction to the literature, key themes, and debates that have proliferated around the more recent historical experience of humanity.

Essays on Twentieth-Century History is an essential collection for scholars and students who wish to understand the recent past.

Contributors include: Paul Edwards, Carl J. Guarneri, Gabrielle Hecht, Adam McKeown, John H. Morrow, Jr., Jose C. Moya, Jean H. Quataert, Bonnie Smith, Howard Spodek, Robin Tucker, and the editor.



Excerpt available at www.temple.edu/tempress



"This collection of essays is part of a larger attempt to overturn the problematic periodization of the twentieth century that�at least in the schema of the global narrative�tends to serve as a coda to the nineteenth century.... Essays on Twentieth-Century History has considerable value in teaching at both the graduate and undergraduate levels. In both instances, the collection challenges readers to reconsider�or perhaps consider�the significance of the twentieth century in the still-developing narrative of global history. The various essays are accessible, provocative, and with many essays offering essential bibliographies, they represent a starting point for historians and historians in training."
The Journal of World History


Introduction – Michael Adas
1. World Migration in the Long Twentieth Century – Jose C. Moya and Adam McKeown
2. Twentieth- Century Urbanization: In Search of an Urban Paradigm for an Urban World – Howard Spodek
3. Women in the Twentieth- Century World – Bonnie G. Smith
4. The Gendering of Human Rights in the International Systems of Law in the Twentieth Century – Jean H. Quataert
5. The Impact of the Two World Wars in a Century of Violence – John H. Morrow Jr.
6. Locating the United States in Twentieth- Century World History – Carl J. Guarneri
7. The Technopolitics of Cold War: Toward a Transregional Perspective – Gabrielle Hecht and Paul N. Edwards
8. A Century of Environmental Transitions – Richard P. Tucker
About the Contributors


About the Author(s)

Michael Adas is Abraham E. Voorhees Professor of History and Board of Governor's Chair, Rutgers University at New Brunswick. He is the author of numerous books and articles, including Machines as the Measure of Men, which won the Dexter prize in 1991, and more recently Dominance by Design. He is the co-author (with Peter Stearns and Stuart Schwartz), of World Civilizations: The Global Experience, which is now in its sixth edition.

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In the series

Critical Perspectives on the Past, edited by Susan Porter Benson, Stephen Brier, and Roy Rosenzweig.

Critical Perspectives on the Past, edited by Susan Porter Benson, Stephen Brier, and Roy Rosenzweig, is concerned with the traditional and nontraditional ways in which historical ideas are formed. In its attentiveness to issues of race, class, and gender and to the role of human agency in shaping events, the series is as critical of traditional historical method as content. Emphasizing that history is itself an interpretation of material events, the series demonstrates that the historian's choices of subject, narrative technique, and documentation are politically as well as intellectually constructed.

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