Sound And Music Industry Essay Writer

Bachelor of Science in Music Industry


Open Houses:

October 1, 2017 at noon
October 22, 2017 at noon
November 12, 2017 at noon
December 3, 2017 at noon
March 4, 2018 at noon
April 8, 2018 at noon

Meeting Place: Wilson Hall Room 113 for Music Industry

Registration is open for our 2018 Summer Music Industry Camp! Click here to register!

About the Program

Rowan University's cutting-edge Bachelor of Science in Music Industry degree program provides students with the extensive knowledge and experience they need to launch a successful career in the music business or the recording industry. Music Industry majors can choose between two specializations: Music Technology and Music Business. The Music Technology specialization offers hands-on production experience in the recording studio, while Music Business focuses on management and marketing as practiced in the music industry. Students in one specialization can take courses from the other as electives. Both specializations incorporate 12 credits from the Rohrer College of Business, which can be used as part of a path to a BS/MBA. Students also embark on two internships designed to connect them with the industry and give them invaluable real-world experience and networking opportunities. Students graduate with a Bachelor of Science in Music Industry degree from the Music Department.

All incoming first-year students attend the same music business and production courses, so that students in the Music Business specialization understand how the music creation and recording processes function, while Music Technology students gain a strong understanding of how the business and marketing angles of the industry work. This breadth of knowledge is more important than ever, as the music industry becomes more and more driven by freelancers and entrepreneurs who must be able to rely on themselves to achieve success.

During semesters seven and eight, students produce and deliver a capstone project. This might mean producing and promoting an album, scoring music to a motion picture, or even launching a business, such as a management company, record label, or live bookings agency.

Music is being used in more settings than ever before, and that means a wide variety of jobs and entrepreneurial opportunities for graduates with the right knowledge, connections, and skill sets-all of which the Music Industry builds. Music production, management, and promotion opportunities for Music Industry majors include:

• Record companies
• Recording artists
• Recording studios
• Live-music booking agencies
• Music publishers
• Music supervision
• Advertising
• Music scoring for film, television, and online videos
• Video game scoring
• Mobile phone apps
• Live music management and promotion
• Live music production
• Post-production sound
• Radio stations
• Television stations
• Location recording
• Artist management
• Audio preservation

Career Opportunities

Music Technology

• Record producer
• Recording artist
• Recording studio sound engineer
• Live sound engineer
• Music equipment salesperson
• Recording studio owner and manager
• Composer for TV and films
• Sound designer for film
• Sound designer for video games
• Songwriter
• Professional musician
• DJ
• Mix engineer
• Mastering engineer
• Audio preservation
• Sound engineer for TV
• College professor
• Sample library producer
• Video producer
• On location film sound recordist
• Post-production engineer


Music Business

• Independent record label owner
• Recording artist
• Marketing manager
• Marketing coordinator
• Social media manager
• Social media coordinator
• Professional musician
• Booking agent
• Live music promoter
• Artist manager
• Publisher (various positions)
• Cellphone music app manager
• Web developer
• Sales manager
• Writer
• Editor
• College professor
• Music synchronization agent
• Music distribution
• Press relations manager
• Digital marketing manager
• Event coordinator
• Touring coordinator
• Touring manager
• A & R consultant

Program Structure

Major Requirements 47 s.h.
MUS40.111 Business of Music I
MUS40.121 Audio Recording I
MUS40.122 Computer Technology And Music I
MUS40.223 Survey of Record Production
MUS40.113 Business of Music II
MUS40.211 Music Industry Internship I
MUS40.311 Music Industry Internship II
MUS40.412 Capstone Project in Music Industry I
MUS40.413 Capstone Project in Music Industry II
MUS97.102 Piano I For Non-Music Majors
or MUS97.229 Guitar Class I
MUS04.110 Sight Singing and Ear Training
MUS04.130 Music Theory 1 Written
MUS04.132 Music Theory 1 Aural
MUS40.201 History of Popular Music
MUS40.202 Introduction to Music Performance
ACC03.405 Foundations of Accounting
MKT09.200 Principles of Marketing
MGT98.242 Legal Environment of Business

Choose Specialization:

Music Business Specialization 15 s.h.
MUS40.212 Music Publishing
MUS40.213 Touring and Concert Promotion
MUS40.315 Entrepreneurship in the Music Industry
MUS40.314 Artist Services I
MUS40.414 Artist Services II
MUS40.415 Artist Services III


Music Technology Specialization 15 s.h.
MUS40.221 Audio Recording II
MUS40.222 Computer Technology And Music II
MUS40.322 Audio for Video
MUS40.323 Sound Reinforcement I
MUS40.321 Producing the Record


Free Electives Bank 6 s.h.
Choose 6 credits
Suggested Free Electives:
MUS40.331 Game Audio
MUS40.431 Mixing and Mastering
MUS40.333 Sound Synthesis and Remixing
MUS40.332 Recording Studio Design and Maintenance
MUS40.342 Public Relations in the Music Industry
MUS40.343 Songwriting
MUS40.341 Music Industry Contracts and Copyrights
ENT06.426 New Venture Development
MKT09.305 Internet Marketing
MKT09.350 Management of Advertising and Promotion
ECE09.100 Signals, Systems And Music
Any course from the Music Business or Music Technology specialization


Program Electives / Music Bank 10 s.h.
Choose 10 credits from:
MUSG06.102 General Music History
MUS40.343 Songwriting
MUS04.125 Music Composition I
MUS04.126 Music Composition II
MUSG06.115 Growth & Development of Jazz
MUSG06.220 The Singing Music of African-Americans
MUSG06.447 Music in World Cultures: Asia & Oceania
MUSG06.448 Music in World Cultures: Africa, India, Near & Middle East
MUS04.332 Acoustics of Music
MUSG06.337 Music and the Theater
MUS97.103 Piano II For Non-Music Majors
MUS97.230 Guitar Class II
MUS04.131 Music Theory II - Written
MUS04.133 Music Theory II - Aural
MUS04.118 Music Fundamentals
MUSG06.214 Development Of Musical Styles And Form I
MUSG06.215 Development Of Musical Styles And Form II
MUS04.118 Music Fundamentals
MUS01.129 Chamber Music I
MUS01.130 Chamber Music II
MUS01.131 Chamber Music III
MUS01.132 Chamber Music IV
MUS08.156 - MUS08.163 Contemporary Music Ensemble
MUS04.140 Wind Ensemble
MUS04.141 String Ensemble
MUS04.142 College Band
MUS04.143 Jazz Band
MUS 04144 Orchestra
MUS 04145 Lab Band
MUS 04146 Concert Choir
MUS 04154 Women's Chorus
MUS 04155 Men's Chorus


General Education

Communications Bank
COMP01.111 College Composition I (3 s.h.)
COMP01.112 College Composition II (3 s.h.)
Science/Math Bank
Choice from Approved General Education Courses (3 s.h.)
Suggested Lab Science:
PHYS02.175 Physics of Sound and Music (4 s.h.)
Social and Behavioral Science Bank
Choice from Approved General Education Courses (3 s.h.)
ENT06.240 Entrepreneurship & Innovation (3 s.h.)
Choice from Approved General Education Courses (6 s.h.)
Non-Program Courses
Choice from Approved General Education Courses (8 s.h.)
JRN02.210 Journalistic Writing for Non-majors (3 s.h.)
Rowan Experience
CMS04.205 Public Speaking (3 s.h.)
Artistic/Creative Experience
Choice from Approved General Education Courses (3 s.h.)

Total Program 120 s.h.

Suggested Course Sequence

Music Industry Faculty

Mathieu Gendreau - Program Director - Music Industry & Music Technology
Barbara Adams - Assistant Professor - Sound Reinforcement
Scott Barkan - Adjunct Professor - Songwriting & Music Technology
Serena Boyd - Adjunct Professor - Music Business
J. Sean Diaz, J.D. - Adjunct Professor - Music Business
Jim Gallagher - Adjunct Professor - Music Technology
Jeffrey Hiatt - Adjunct Professor - Music Technology
Jerome Hipps - Adjunct Professor - Music Business
Michael McArthur - Assistant Professor - Music Business
Ben Runyan - Adjunct Professor - Music Technology
Kevin Stahl - Assistant Professor - Music Technology & Game Audio

Admissions Requirements

Minimum GPA: 2.7

Candidates applying for admission as a Music Industry student must meet the general requirements for admission to Rowan University and is required to submit a separate essay (250 to 500 words) and portfolio via our online form within one week from applying to Rowan.

In this essay applicants must address the reasons why they want to pursue a career in the music industry and make note of any activities they have partaken in that are related to the music industry. Examples of such activities include music productions, playing in a band, promoting concerts, writing for a music blog, presenting on a radio show, DJing, managing social media, running sound and lights for a school play, taking music production classes, live sond engineering, creating band merchandise, etc. Links to websites and social media pages are welcome. These can include links to your Soundcloud, Facebook, YouTube, Reverb Nation, Instagram pages and personal/band websites.





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Contact: If you are interested in our Bachelor of Science in Music Industry or just have questions about what we do, please contact Music Industry Program Director, Mathieu Gendreau at or via phone at 856.256.4500 Ext. 3710.


Did you know? The real Captain von Trapp was offered command of a submarine in the Navy of the Third Reich, which he refused. The von Trapps were invited to sing for Hitler?s 50th birthday party, which they also declined. The eldest son, Rupert, was offered a medical post in a good Viennese hospital; but, he realized it was because many Jewish doctors had been fired. With tensions rising, the family emigrated to Italy four months after the Anschluss in 1938.

Did you know? In THE SOUND OF MUSIC, Maria von Trapp was a novice at Nonnberg Abbey. The historic Nonnberg Abbey was founded in the 8th century by Avendrid, niece of St. Rupert who is considered the patron saint of Salzburg. The city also has a cathedral monastery and is often called ?The Rome of the North.?

Did you Know? At the 1960 Tony Awards Mary Rodgers found her musical ONCE UPON A MATTRESS competing against a show by her father Richard Rodgers - THE SOUND OF MUSIC - for the category of Best Musical!

In 1967 THE SOUND OF MUSIC finished its run at the Palace Theatre, London, after six years and 2,385 performances - at the time, the longest running American musical in British theatrical history.

The birthday of Maria von Trapp. In 1905, Maria Augusta Kutschera Trapp was born aboard a train in the Tirol, Austria. The story of her early life served as the inspiration for THE SOUND OF MUSIC.

The birthday of Florence Henderson, who played Maria von Trapp in the first U.S. National Tour of THE SOUND OF MUSIC, starting in 1961. Best known for playing Carol Brady on The Brady Bunch from 1968 to 1974, Florence Henderson began her career as a stage actress. In addition to THE SOUND OF MUSIC, Henderson starred as Laurey in the 1953 Broadway revival of OKLAHOMA!, as Anna in the Los Angeles Music Center's inaugural production of THE KING AND I, and as Nellie at the Music Theater of Lincoln Center?s SOUTH PACIFIC in 1967. In 2010 she performed on "Dancing with the Stars"" - even waltzing to ""Edelweiss"" from THE SOUND OF MUSIC!"

In 1990, in celebration of THE SOUND OF MUSIC's silver anniversary, Twentieth Century Fox hosted a gala screening/reunion for director Robert Wise, star Julie Andrews, and other members of the cast in Los Angeles; the movie is subsequently rereleased for a limited engagement in Los Angeles and New York.

The birthday of Russel Crouse, book writer of the musicals CALL ME MADAM and THE SOUND OF MUSIC. Crouse was born in 1893.

The birthday of singer Marni Nixon. Marni Nixon became famous as the singing voice of Deborah Kerr in Rodger & Hammerstein?s film THE KING AND I, as well as Audrey Hepburn in MY FAIR LADY and Natalie Wood in WEST SIDE STORY. Nixon finally appeared as a performer on camera while singing the part of Sister Sophia in the film THE SOUND OF MUSIC.

In 1961, the national tour of THE SOUND OF MUSIC, starring Florence Henderson, began at the Riviera Theatre, Detroit. It played in 35 cities before closing at the O'Keefe Center, Toronto, on November 23, 1963.

In 1965, Twentieth Century Fox premiered the movie version of THE SOUND OF MUSIC, directed by Robert Wise and starring Julie Andrews and Christopher Plummer. It played in New York for a record-setting 93 weeks. The movie's initial U.S. release lasted 4.5 years, and from 1966 to 1972 THE SOUND OF MUSIC was cited by Variety as the "All-Time Box Office Champion."" It remains the most popular movie musical ever made."

The birthday of Julie Andrews, born in Walton-on-Thames, Surrey, England. International star of stage and screen, her long and cherished association with Rodgers & Hammerstein includes starring as the title character in the original TV production of CINDERELLA (1957), playing Maria in the iconic movie version of THE SOUND OF MUSIC (1965), and singing the role of Anna in the studio cast recording of THE KING AND I (1992)

In 1959, the world premiere of THE SOUND OF MUSIC was presented at the Shubert Theatre, New Haven.

In 1959, Oscar Hammerstein II began work on "Edelweiss,"" his 1,589th and last lyric, written for THE SOUND OF MUSIC. It is completed on October 21st and went into the show during its pre-Broadway tryout in Boston."

In 1889 book writer Howard Lindsay was born. Lindsay became best known for writing the books to THE SOUND OF MUSIC, CALL ME MADAM, MR. PRESIDENT, and ANYTHING GOES.

In 2006, Connie Fisher starred in the London revival of THE SOUND OF MUSIC to rave reviews. She had been cast as Maria by the BBC?TV reality show HOW DO YOU SOLVE A PROBLEM LIKE MARIA, masterminded by Andrew Lloyd Webber. Millions of Britons voted, making Fisher, formerly a telemarketer, an overnight star. The success of the reality show won it an international Emmy Award and prompted the largest advance of a musical in West End history.

In 1959, THE SOUND OF MUSIC opened at the Lunt-Fontanne Theatre, New York.

In 1966 at the 38th annual Academy Awards, THE SOUND OF MUSIC received five Oscars, including Best Picture of the Year.

In 1960 at the 14th annual Tony Awards, THE SOUND OF MUSIC received five, including Best Actress (Mary Martin) and, for the first time in Tony history, shared a tie for Best Musical (with FIORELLO!). Did you know that composer Richard Rodgers found his musical competing against a show written by his own daughter? ONCE UPON A MATTRESS had opened on Broadway in 1959, with music by Mary Rodgers.

In 1913, Mary Martin was born in Weatherford, Texas. She created the roles of Nellie Forbush in SOUTH PACIFIC and Maria von Trapp in THE SOUND OF MUSIC, winning a Tony Award for each.

In 1961 THE SOUND OF MUSIC opened at the Palace Theatre, London. Did you know? Thirteen-year-old Andrew Lloyd Webber got to attend the opening because of a fan letter he had written to Richard Rodgers.

The birthday of actor Jon Voight. Did you know? Before he made his name on the big screen, the future star played Rolf Gruber during the original Broadway run of THE SOUND OF MUSIC in the early 1960s.

Did you know? In real life, the von Trapp family fled Austria and eventually settled in Vermont. Eventually they opened a resort business in their new American home that is still in operation today. The Trapp Family Lodge first opened in 1950 with 27 rooms. Today, the resort has 100 2-bedroom guest houses and 16 villas that sits on 2,700 acres of land. Guests can play tennis, go Nordic skiing and ? of course ? take music lessons.

Did you know? As soon as Julie Andrews was cast in the movie of THE SOUND OF MUSIC, attention turned to who would play her Captain von Trapp. Executives at 20th Century Fox were eager for Bing Crosby (a suggestion director Robert Wise never took seriously.) Filmmakers also thought about Sean Connery, Rex Harrison, and Yul Brynner ? known for his role in THE KING AND I. The part eventually went to Christopher Plummer.

Did you know? During the filming of ?Sixteen Going On Seventeen? for THE SOUND OF MUSIC, Charmian Carr (as Liesl) ended up dancing through the plate-glass windows of the gazebo. Fortunately for everyone involved, this was her last sequence filmed and she only sprained her ankle.

Agathe von Trapp wrote about her family's emigration in the book MEMORIES BEFORE AND AFTER THE SOUND OF MUSIC : "Even though it was clear to us that we had to leave Austria as soon as possible [following the Anschluss of March 1938]...Mother [Maria von Trapp] looked for divine approval concerning the move. Papa [Baron Georg von Trapp] called us all together, opened the Bible, and let his finger pick a passage at random. Then he read to us:""Now the LORD had said unto Abram: Get thee out of thy country, and from thy kindred, and from thy father's house, unto a land that I will show thee"" (Gen. 12:1 KJV.)"""

Theodore Bikel, who starred in the original Broadway production of THE SOUND OF MUSIC as Captain von Trapp to Mary Martin's Maria, had personal connection to the role. Born in Vienna, his family fled to Palestine following the Nazi annexation of Austria on this day in 1938. Bikel's background as a guitar player and folk singer helped inspire the Rodgers & Hammerstein song Edelweiss.

Did you know? In March of 1961, avant garde jazz saxophonist John Coltrane caused a sensation when he released the album "My Favorite Things"". It was a Jazz landmark, named for its 14 minute riff on Rodgers & Hammerstein's ""My Favorite Things."" Not only did the album (also titled ""My Favorite Things"") introduce Coltrane's new quartet - with McCoy Tyner, Elvin Jones and Steve Davis - but it also was his first record for Atlantic Records, and opened up new harmonic explorations for jazz musicians."

Did you know? Georg von Trapp's service to the Austro-Hungarian Empire was chronicled in "To the Last Salute: Memories of an Austrian U-Boat Commander"". A skilled and fearless naval captain, he sank over 30 boats during World War I, but von Trapp's job disappeared when Austria lost its seaports to Italy. Trapp's birthplace Trieste became part of Italy too, allowing his family to flee from the Nazi annexation years later across the border with his passport - the conclusion of THE SOUND OF MUSIC."

In THE SOUND OF MUSIC, the Captain and Maria first realize their feelings for each other while dancing a classic Austrian folk dance called the Laendler. The Laendler was a popular folk dance in 3/4 or waltz time. Richard Rodgers cleverly uses the music from ?The Lonely Goatherd? for the ballroom scene during which Maria and the Captain dance and fall in love.

In the film version of THE SOUND OF MUSIC, the real Maria von Trapp has a cameo appearance in the background in the Residenzplatz during ?I Have Confidence,? shot on location in Salzburg. Dressed in Austrian garb, she is visible for only a fleeting moment, as Julie Andrews sings her story to the cameras. Unaware that filming this short segment would require several takes, Maria later declared ?That?s one ambition I?m giving up.?

Did you know? In a 1987 studio cast recording of THE SOUND OF MUSIC, opera stars sang the leads, with Eileen Farrell as the Mother Abbess, and H�kan Hageg�rd as the Captain. The role of Maria was sung by Frederica Von Stade (b. 1945) an American opera singer highly lauded for her mezzo-soprano voice, and known for performing The Barber Of Seville, The Merry Widow, Pelleas Et Melisande and . This recording was part of a trend to create ?cross-over? albums featuring opera singers performing traditionally musical theatre roles. SHOW BOAT, SOUTH PACIFIC and ANNIE GET YOUR GUN were among the shows to receive this treatment.

In 1963, THE SOUND OF MUSIC closed at the Mark Hellinger Theatre, New York, after 1,443 performances.

Did you know? THE SOUND OF MUSIC has no overture! Having little experience with liturgical music, Richard Rodgers did some research at the Manhattanville College in Purchase, New York while writing the score. Mother Morgan, head of the music department there, invited Rodgers to a concert specially arranged for him to show off the different kinds of musical prayer. For the opening of the musical, Rodgers set the Catholic prayer ?Dixit Dominus? for the nuns of Nonnberg Abbey.

Did you know? At the end of THE SOUND OF MUSIC, the von Trapp family climbs over the mountains to freedom into neighboring Switzerland. In reality, Salzburg does not border Switzerland; it borders Germany. If the real von Trapp family had actually climbed over the Obersalzberg Mountain, as they do in the film version, they would have found themselves face to face with Hitler?s mountain retreat, Eagle's Nest at Berchtesgaden.

Did you know? Walt Disney was so impressed by Julie Andrews? Broadway portrayal of Guinevere in Lerner and Loewe?s CAMELOT that he went backstage and asked her to play Mary Poppins. Film director Robert Wise then decided to cast Andrews as Maria in THE SOUND OF MUSIC as soon as he saw ?rushes? of her scenes while shooting MARY POPPINS.

Did you know? The real children of Captain von Trapp with his first wife were named Rupert (1911-1992), Werner (1915-2007), Hedwig (1917-1975), Johanna (1919-1994), Martina (1921-1951), Agatha (b. 1913) and Maria F. (b. 1914). Maria had 3 children with Georg after their marriage: Rosmarie (b. 1929), Elenore aka ?Lorli? (b. 1931) and Johannes (b. 1939).

Did you know? After Hammerstein passed away, Rodgers needed a new writing partner. For the first time in his career, he turned to himself for words. In 1962, Rodgers crafted new songs for the re-make of STATE FAIR and wrote both music and lyrics for the musical NO STRINGS. When the film version THE SOUND OF MUSIC needed new numbers, Rodgers wrote and composed the songs ?I Have Confidence? and ?Something Good.?

In 1964 Director Robert Wise and his SOUND OF MUSIC cast and crew wrapped up eleven weeks of shooting on location in and around Salzburg, Austria.

Table of Contents


Mary Martin, star of Rodgers & Hammerstein’s SOUTH PACIFIC on Broadway and London, and star of the Rodgers & Hammerstein-produced national tour of ANNIE GET YOUR GUN, approached the team in 1958 with the proposal that they write an Austrian-style folk song for inclusion in a stage adaptation that she and husband Richard Halliday were planning of a German-language film based on the true-life story of the von Trapp family singers. Rodgers & Hammerstein suggested that rather than write one song for the play-with-music, why not let them write the entire score for the story as a musical? That is, if Martin and Halliday wouldn't mind waiting for a year, since at the time they were in the throes of FLOWER DRUM SONG. The response from Martin and Halliday: "We'll wait."

The result was THE SOUND OF MUSIC. Halliday co-produced the musical, and Martin starred. Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II wrote the score but, for the only time in the history of their partnership, the task of writing the book did not go to Hammerstein. Instead, the musical’s librettists were Howard Lindsay and Russel Crouse, who had been contracted to write the stage adaptation from the very beginning. Directed by Vincent J. Donehue, with musical numbers staged by Joe Layton, THE SOUND OF MUSIC co-starred Theodore Bikel as Captain von Trapp; Patricia Neway as the Mother Abbess; and Kurt Kaznar as Max.

THE SOUND OF MUSIC opened at Broadway's Lunt-Fontanne Theatre on November 16, 1959, and Rodgers & Hammerstein’s last musical was a triumph. It ran for 1,443 performances and earned seven Tony Awards, including Best Musical. In addition, the cast album earned a Gold Record and the Grammy Award. Florence Henderson starred in the first national tour, which played for over two years, and Jean Bayless created the role of Maria in the original London production, which ran for over six years — still the record-holder as the longest running American musical in London.

In 1965 the motion picture version of THE SOUND OF MUSIC was released, and made Hollywood history. Directed by Robert Wise, with a score revised by Rodgers (Hammerstein had died in 1960 and so Rodgers composed both music and lyrics for two songs added to the film—"I Have Confidence" and "Something Good"), and a screenplay by Ernest Lehman, THE SOUND OF MUSIC boasted a dream cast: Julie Andrews as Maria, Christopher Plummer as the Captain, Eleanor Parker as Elsa, Peggy Wood as the Mother Abbess and Charmian Carr as Liesl. (Trivia buffs will note that Hollywood's most famous unseen voice, Marni Nixon, here has an on-screen role as Sister Sophia, and that the actual real-life Maria von Trapp has a cameo appearance in a Salzburg market scene.) Winner of five Academy Awards, including Best Picture, THE SOUND OF MUSIC has become the most popular movie musical ever made.

Recommended Bibliography - THE SOUND OF MUSIC

Ewen, David. Richard Rodgers, Holt, New York 1957

_____. With a Song in His Heart (Richard Rodgers), Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York 1963

Fordin, Hugh. Getting To Know Him: The Biography of Oscar Hammerstein II, Random House, New York 1977; Da Capo Press, 1995

Green, Stanley. The Rodgers and Hammerstein Story, John Day, New York 1963; DeCapo Press paperback, 1980

_____. The Rodgers & Hammerstein Fact Book, Hal Leonard, Milwaukee 1980

Hammerstein II, Oscar. Lyrics, with an introduction by the author and a preface by Stephen Sondheim, Hal Leonard, Milwaukee 1985

_____. My Favorite Things, illustrated by James Warhola, Simon & Schuster, New York, 1994

Hirsch, Julia. THE SOUND OF MUSIC: The Making of America's Favorite Movie, Contemporary Books, Chicago 1993

Martin, Mary. My Heart Belongs (autobiography), William Morrow & Co., Inc., New York 1976

Mordden, Ethan. Rodgers & Hammerstein, Harry N. Abrams, Inc., New York 1992

Nolan, Frederick. The Sound of Their Music, Walker, New York 1978

Rodgers, Richard. Musical Stages: An Autobiography, Random House,New York 1975; Jove Paperback, New York 1978; Da Capo, 1995

Taylor, Deems. Some Enchanted Evenings, Harper, New York 1953


von Trapp, Maria. Maria (autobiography), Creation House, New York,1972

The Hills Are Alive: A Look At THE SOUND OF MUSIC Today

In 1995 CNN devoted an in-depth story to the world’s on-going love affair with The Sound of Music. As the news report showed clips from the movie, a Japanese-language stage version, and even a New Rochelle, New York, high school production, the message was clear: after more than 35 years, that love affair was still going strong. For an overview, let’s start at the very beginning:

On stage: The original production of The Sound of Music received seven Tony Awards including Best Musical 1960, and a Grammy Award for its gold-selling cast album...The original London production ran for over six years at the Palace Theatre—and still holds the record as the longest-running American musical in the West End...Since 1960, The R&H Organization has licensed more than 17,500 productions of The Sound of Music worldwide...The most recent U.S. national tour, starring Marie Osmond, ran for nearly two years, visiting 62 cities in 35 states...Major international productions in 1996 included Sweden, Israel and Greece -- with cast albums recorded in their native languages...In the U.S. and Canada, the R&H Theatre Library licenses an average of 475 stock & amateur productions a year; a typical s&a run involves 100 people in production, a combined total of 1200 people in the audience, and an aggregate total of more than 600,000 people who are directly impacted by live stage versions of The Sound of Music every year.

On film: The Sound of Music is the most successful movie musical in history. First released in 1965, it received five Academy Awards including Best Picture of the Year...From 1965 to 1972 it was All Time Box Office Champ, according to Variety...To date it is the highest-ranking musical on every available list of top grossing films...In a recent survey reported by New York Magazine (7/22/96), which adjusted box office grosses and attendance to contemporary prices and current U.S. population, The Sound of Music ranks at #2 behind Gone with The Wind with an adjusted accumulated U.S. gross of $944,000,000...Following the original release of four years, the film had major U.S. re-releases in 1972 and 1990; it remains popular on the college and revival circuit as well...In August of ’96 it was the season finale of the third annual outdoor film festival in New York City’s Bryant Park, sponsored by HBO, where it attracted a record crowd of 12,000.

On television: First broadcast on ABC-TV in 1976, The Sound of Music is nearing the end of a 20-year exclusive contract of annual broadcasts on NBC...In 1995 it was given a special 4-hour broadcast at Easter, hosted by Julie Andrews and celebrating the film’s 30th anniversary, and was re-broadcast at Christmas...Its 1996 broadcast was on December 13...By special arrangement with NBC, it was also shown on the American Movie Channel on July 4, 1996, as the culmination of a 17-hour Rodgers & Hammerstein movie marathon.

On video: One of the first movies issued on home video, The Sound of Music hit the Billboard Top 40 videosales chart shortly after its release in November of 1979...A perennial, it has never been out of the top 3 spots on the internal Fox Video sales charts, with numerous reissues over the years...Its final reissue this century was launched in August ’96, hitting #1 on the VideoScan sales chart in early September; it is currently on moratorium through 2000...During this final sale period, the video clocked its 300th week on the Billboard chart, solidifying its record as the longest-selling video, with its nearest challenger more than 100 weeks behind.

On laser disc: One of the most popular entries in the high-market laser disc niche, The Sound of Music is currently available in a 30th anniversary deluxe set that includes an in-depth documentary, alternate audio track narration provided by Robert Wise, an annotated copy of the Ernest Lehman screenplay, and more.

On record: Three major recordings of The Sound of Music are currently on the market; by far the most successful is the original motion picture soundtrack starring Julie Andrews, which has sold 11 million units worldwide to date...The soundtrack is currently on reissue (RCA Victor) in a newly-mastered recording with new packaging and liner notes...In both its film soundtrack and cast album formats, the score has been recorded in dozens of languages...Its score—perhaps the most cherished in American musical theater—is visited constantly by vocalists and instrumentalists; "My Favorite Things,"Climb Ev’ry Mountain,"Do-Re-Mi,"Edelweiss" and the title song have been recorded by many artists over the years.

On the shelves: The Sound of Music has inspired a long line of merchandise over the years, and enthusiasm from licensees has never flagged. Recently, in addition to the various recordings, videos and laser discs, fans could acquire: various editions of the vocal selections and songbooks (Williamson Music), a line of commemorative plates (The Bradford Exchange) and Music Boxes (Ardleigh-Elliott), a "Barbie as Maria" doll (Mattel), "The Sound of Music" doll collection (Mme. Alexander), My Favorite Things, an illustrated children's book (Simon & Schuster), and The Sound of Music: The Making of America's Favorite Movie, a soft-cover photo history of the movie (Contemporary Books).

From Broadway To Hollywood
Written By: Bert Fink

20th Century Fox, a once grand and glorious studio, had done very well by the Rodgers and Hammerstein musicals: movie versions of OKLAHOMA!, CAROUSEL, SOUTH PACIFIC, THE KING AND I and STATE FAIR had all been produced under the auspices of this studio, and had collected nine Academy Awards among them. Successful as they were, none of these films could prepare the studio—or the film industry itself—for the phenomenon that was THE SOUND OF MUSIC.

In 1964 THE SOUND OF MUSIC was viewed as a respectable stage property with a good track record: still going strong in the West End (where it would eventually become the longest running American musical in London history), and on a U.S. national tour, THE SOUND OF MUSIC, had by this time racked up a healthy 1443-performance run on Broadway, and collected five Tony Awards including Musical of the Year. In Hollywood, however, where there’s no such thing as a sure thing, turning this stage property into a potentially viable movie was considered a longshot.

For one thing, the movie's budget was—for the first time—large: more than $8 million, and much of that due to the decision to film as much of the movie as possible on location in Salzburg, near and around the Von Trapp villa (though not the villa itself) and the mountains. Also, the cast was relatively unknown. For the central role of Maria, the likes of Mia Farrow, Lesley Ann Warren and Doris Day were each considered before the decision was made to go with 29-year-old Julie Andrews. Although already established as a Broadway star for her roles in THE BOYFRIEND, MY FAIR LADY and CAMELOT, Julie Andrews had yet to be discovered by the movie audiences, and was perhaps best known in Hollywood for Jack Warner's decision to pass her over for the lead in the movie of MY FAIR LADY (which went instead to Audrey Hepburn). Walt Disney, however, took the chance and hired her for MARY POPPINS, and it was after viewing rough footage of her work for Disney that the folks at Fox signed her up immediately.

Joining Julie for the film were Christopher Plummer as the Captain (who, although he wanted to do his own singing, was eventually dubbed in the musical numbers by Bill Lee); Peggy Wood, Eleanor Parker, Anna Lee and Richard Haydn. Twenty-one-year-old Charmaine Carr headed up the cast of the seven children. Marni Nixon, the phantom dubber who provided the singing voice for the leads in WEST SIDE STORY, MY FAIR LADY and THE KING AND I, actually appeared on screen this time as Sister Sophia, and so did the real-life Maria Von Trapp, who makes a quick appearance in a Salzburg sequence.

To make THE SOUND OF MUSIC an on-screen reality, a team of old hands at movie musicals was assembled. Robert Wise, who had won two Oscars in 1961 for another Broadway-to-Hollywood musical adaptation, WEST SIDE STORY, was signed on to produce and direct THE SOUND OF MUSIC. Ernest Lehman, who worked with Rodgers and Hammerstein on the screen adaption of THE KING AND I, did similar honors here.

Richard Rodgers himself took an active role in the movie and significantly amended the score. Two songs were cut, "An Ordinary Couple" (a wistful love duet sung by Maria and the Captain) and "How Can Love Survive?" (a brittle, sardonic duet with an atypical Hammerstein lyric, sung by Elsa and Max).

Replacing them were two new songs with both music and lyrics by Rodgers (Oscar Hammerstein had died in the summer of 1960, less than a year after THE SOUND OF MUSIC opened on Broadway): "I Have Confidence" and "Something Good."

Filming took place throughout the spring and summer of 1964, including eleven weeks on location in and about Salzburg. For those who like to bookend their data, the first scene filmed (in the studio in California) featured Maria and the children singing "My Favorite Things," and shooting ended at the beginning, with the now-classic opening sequence featuring Julie Andrews on top of the hill and the spectacular Alpine scenery.

As an early test for the movie, Fox executive Richard Zanuck arranged for a sneak preview in Minneapolis in February 1965. "The weather was miserable, and we thought nobody would show up," he recalled. "But the theatre was full, and at intermission the whole audience stood up and applauded for five minutes. They did it again at the end, and we looked at each other, shell-shocked."

Ernest Lehman commented, "We didn't know at the beginning it would be such a phenomenon." The world premiere of THE SOUND OF MUSIC was held at the Rivoli Theatre in New York City on March 2, 1965. It played there for a record-breaking 93-week engagement, igniting a momentum that went on to shatter records in all areas of popular entertainment. The initial U.S. release of the film lasted for more than four years. From Japan to Parsi (for the Iranian market), from London to Lisbon, from SUONA DELLA MUSICA in Italy to LA MELODIE DI BONHEUR in France, THE SOUND OF MUSIC quickly became a sound hear the world over.

Nominated for ten Academy Awards, THE SOUND OF MUSIC received five, including Best Director for Robert Wise and Best Picture of the Year. From 1966 to 1969 it was the number one Box Office Champion, according to Variety's survey. To this day, THE SOUND OF MUSIC is one of the twenty-five top grossing films of all time, and the oldest title on that list. It has become the most popular musical ever made


The motion picture soundtrack, released internationally on the RCA label, has gone platinum and gold and sold over 10 million units worldwide. The movie has also made a successful transition to the small screen, appearing as a perennial favorite on television throughout the world, and in the home video market.

The weekend before THE SOUND OF MUSIC was released, Richard Rodgers was interviewed by the The New York Times. He expressed his delight at seeing THE SOUND OF MUSIC turned into a movie that functioned as a satisfying work in its own right. Having lavished praise on screenwriter Lehman, director/producer Wise, the cast and the movie as a whole, Rodgers ended the interview on a note of caution: "There is, of course, no way for me to tell how the public will respond to THE SOUND OF MUSIC as a movie." It turned out he had nothing to worry about.

Theatre World Award

Lauri Peters

Writer's Guild of America

Best Written American Musical Film

Academy Awards

1965 — Best Music, Scoring of Music, Adaptation or Treatment - Irwin Kostal
1965 — Best Director - Robert Wise
1965 — Best Sound - James P. Corcoran, Fred HynesFilm Editing, William Reynolds

Tony Awards

Best Musical - Book by Howard Lindsay, Russel Crouse; Lyrics by Oscar Hammerstein II; Music by Richard Rodgers; Produced by Leland Hayward, Richard Halliday, Richard Rodgers, Oscar Hammerstein II
Best Featured Actress in a Musical - Patricia Neway
Best Scenic Design - Oliver Smith
Best Conductor and Musical Director- Frederick Dvonch
Best Actress in a Musical - Mary Martin

Golden Globe Awards (United States)

July 24, 1965 — Best Motion Picture Actress Musical/ Comedy - Julie Andrews
1965 — Best Motion Picture Musical/Comedy

Vocal Range of Characters:

NameVocal TypeLow NoteHigh Note
Maria RainerMezzo-SopranoB3Gb5
Captain Georg von TrappBaritoneA2C4

The Captain sings down to a F#2 briefly.

Mother AbbessSopranoB3Ab5
Max DetweilerBaritoneC3E4

Max sings briefly up to F4.

Elsa ShraederMezzo-SopranoC4G5

Elsa sings briefly up to B5.

Liesl von TrappMezzo-SopranoB3C#5

Liesl sings briefly up to E5.

The von Trapp ChildrenCombinationB3D5
Sister BertheMezzo-SopranoB3D5
Sister SophiaMezzo-SopranoB3Eb5
Sister MargarettaSopranoB3F5

Vocal Range notes for The Sound of Music:

// Photos

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